In 1915, the 20th year for Taiwan under Japanese colonial rule, Yu Cing-Fang and others started to raise funds under the guise of the Silai Temple renovation, in order to actually fight against the unjust tax system, laws and the fault-finding police, which had built up Taiwan people’s resentment. In the summer of the same year, the biggest armed uprising since the Japanese started to rule Taiwan broke out in Tapani.
Several hundred people died during the fight in the incident; several thousand people were victims. Throughout Taipei, Taichung, Nantou, Chiayi, Tainan and Agou, 903 persons were arrested and sentenced to death. Finally, 132 persons were actually executed, and the rest were re-sentenced to life imprisonment. Also 465 persons were arrested and sentenced to fixed terms imprisonment.
The historical event was called the Tapani Incident; also known as the Silai Temple Incident or Yu Cing-Fang Incident.